How To Write An Argumentative Essay?

 

What Is An Argumentative Essay?

It is one of many kinds of academic writing most students will face on numerous occasions in their academic career. There is no single argumentative essay definition as such, but it is usually assumed to be a genre that requires the student to study the topic thoroughly; gather and assess evidence; and establish a view on the topic in a succinct manner. Explore more on this handy resource!

Such assignments necessitate extensive research of primary and secondary literature on the topic. In some cases, it may even call for empirical research through surveys, experiments, observations or interviews. Through detailed research, students learn about the topic and get to know different opinions on it. Thus they feel more confident to choose their own position and support it with the evidence that was collected during research. Regardless of the research conducted, such essays must present a clear thesis and follow sound logic.

How To Start An Argumentative Essay?

You have been given an assignment to hand in by a certain deadline. It is common to feel completely lost at this stage, especially if you haven’t been given enough guidelines by the instructor but don’t you worry, we’ve got you covered!

  • How to choose good essay topics?

Depending on your level, there can be hundreds of argumentative essay topics for college to choose from. However, choosing one is not too easy. You must keep in mind, however that argumentative essay format presupposes a debate – simply speaking, you need to have several options to choose from and go on to argue why one is better than the other. To make your job easier we have handpicked top 50 argumentative topics for you. Good ideas are the ones that would spark a light debate, thus, they would be of interest to the reader. Bear in mind that the higher your educational level, the more complex the topic should be. So whilst picking between two sports can be suitable for a high school essay, while essay topics for college would require a more global issue to discuss relating to politics or economics, for instance. One piece of advice is that you have to be confident that you are aware of the pros and cons and you can describe and balance them effectively which would allow you to reach a reasoned conclusion. Check out this page for more useful information.

  • Do research

After you have carefully chosen your topic, it is time to start doing your research around the topic. Use reliable sources that cover both sides of the claim. Take extensive notes whilst reading, thus you will have supporting evidence for your own argument when you get writing. Communicate with your instructor, they will give you handy recommendations as to where to start your research because they will have more experience than you, plus they can point in the right direction to a criteria they will use to evaluate your work. Use all tools available to you. This includes sticky notes and bookmarks to save time when you return to cite your sources. After you feel you have done enough research to construct your own argument and back it up with some evidence, it is time to move to the subsequent stage.

  • Create outline

Getting there! You should by now have a clear idea what your essay will contain and refer to – if that is the case, it is time to create an argumentative essay outline. This type of essay is usually written in five paragraphs consisting of an introduction, 2-3 body paragraphs and a conclusion. Each section will have a unique structure. Understanding it and creating a clear outline will save time and help you immensely.

Advice On Writing

In general, writing an argumentative essay you need to ensure it flows and is consistent. Try to keep in your head that this is a friendly debate where each idea needs to be backed up. Argumentative essay structure ought to resemble the following:

Introduction

In your first paragraph, you need to set the context by introducing the topic to the reader. A good essay introduction captures their attention immediately: there are endless possibilities, but it is common to use a citation or ask a rhetorical question. This is often called a hook statement. After this, your task is to narrow the focus to your question transitioning smoothly to the thesis statement: be careful not to give away any of the arguments in the introduction! The final sentence of the introduction should present the central argument of the essay. Pick your words carefully to avoid any ambiguity and consequently dissonance in your reader: state your idea directly and indicate why you believe in it. More useful tips can be found here.

Main body

For each essay body paragraph, the rules are more or less the same. Use a new paragraph to introduce a separate aspect of your argument and follow this structure:

  • Topic sentence;
  • Claim;
  • Evidence;
  • Concluding statement.

Topic sentence is used to transition the focus from the previous paragraph and introduce a new aspect of the main argument. Claim links that aspect to the thesis statement. It explains how it validates and enhances your main argument. Use factual support to back up your idea – you should be citing your external research here. This adds validity to your argument because it shows you have objective reasons to make your claims. Concluding statement briefly summarizes the relevance and importance of your idea to the thesis – you are basically justifying including that particular point. Why should it be in there?

Conclusion

Argumentative essay conclusion should be written using the following three steps:

  • Restate the thesis;
  • Brief summary of main aspects of the claim;
  • Concluding statement.

Seems not too bad! Whilst writing a conclusion for an essay, keep in mind that you should not be introducing any important new concepts and keep it concise. The first sentence is merely a restatement of your thesis statement. Albeit using different wording. Be assertive and believe you have the authority to make claims: the more confident you sound, the chances are that your reader will get on your side. Next, it is time to remind the reader of what your key argument was – break it down once again and mention why it holds. To seal the deal, present a concluding statement to remember. This sentence will normally reaffirm the significance of the topic and your view and leave the reader with a call to action encouraging them to investigate the topic in more detail.

Final Words

That’s all! Once broken down in such a way, it should no longer seem difficult to find how to approach an argumentative essay. However, in case you feel you might require additional guidance, get in touch with a custom argumentative essay writing service, which would be delighted to help you out at any stage of your task.

A few more tips. It is important to keep in mind that argumentative essays should be based on reason, not emotion, so try to be as impartial as possible. Use counter-arguments and expand on why they are weak. Ask your peers or relatives for opinions as well – they might show you a direction you wouldn’t have explored by yourself, which would also add value to your work.

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