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How To Write A Research Proposal: Guidelines And Advices
When students begin to work on a research proposal, they often do not understand what it exactly means. And sometimes, some of them cannot realize the importance of this paper. A research proposal is like a characterization of a study that is created to explore a given problem. Students usually write it to convince others that they have a big and relevant project and they also have enough knowledge and work-plan to finish it.
What is its purpose? In most cases, this proposal has to be addressed the following questions: what do you plan to commit, why do you want to do it, and the way you are going to do it. You must answer these questions in your proposal regardless of what you are studying or chosen methodology. The main aim of this work is to show essential concepts.
The Structure of The Research Proposal – What Do You Need to Know
A general structure of such paper consists of seven sections and below we will give you a short description of each to help you see how your whole work should look.
A title should be definitive and descriptive, and it also should give enough information about your article.
You need to revisit the title after you have done the article to make sure that it is related to the topic you have chosen.
It is a short brief that is about 300 words long. It usually includes the main question of your research, the hypothesis, the background and the method of your study. You can describe the procedures, design and the instruments you are going to use and you can give some samples if you want to.
In the introduction, you need to give the background information and make a kind of framework for your investigation. With the help of it, your readers should understand the relationship between it and your research. Here you write about the purpose of your research, at this stage it can seem that it is quite similar to that in the research paper outline but keep in mind that it has some different features.
While writing an introduction, you need to begin with a statement. It is an essential of the construction of your proposal. You need to figure out your question or problem systematically, show the importance of your study, and you can also say something about the priority of this research in your country or a region if this problem needs to be solved. Here you provide the context for your research.
The objectives of your proposal are the main aims you need to achieve during your study, these objectives can be general and specific. A general objective is what you need to commit to your project and a specific objective usually relates to specific questions which you need to answer in your study.
Now you should identify the key variables of your investigation. There can be independent, dependent, confounding, and background variables: independent variables are something like risk factor, input, characteristic or attribute. Dependent variables are the variables, which can change a result of a level of the independent variables, they are like an effect or an outcome. Confounding variables can mix the effect of the independent variables. And the background variables are about the investigations of particular groups or populations.
The characteristics you use must be always clearly figured out for the main aim of your study.
Questions and hypotheses.
If you have enough information about the main topic you study, you can formulate the hypotheses – they can be described as a prediction or explanation about the relationship between the variables.
What about a hypothesis? A hypothesis shows the prediction of the expected outcome and the depth of your knowledge, experience, and creativity. You can use a hypothesis or not use it – this matter depends on different factors like the main aim of your study, your methodology, and your audience.
The methodology is always important because it will inform the research Committee about your original plan to handle the problem you work within your research. Like in a dissertation proposal, you should give the clear and concise information for understanding by the reader which methodology you have chosen. Thus, methodology is an important section of your work.
These Tips Can Help You To Make Your Research Proposal Successful
How to handle this task excellently? It won’t be simple. However, writing a brilliant proposal will not be a big problem if you follow these tips:
- Provide a proper context to figure out a study question;
- Limit the borders of your study to avoid giving excess information;
- Give some landmark studies examples;
- Present both theoretical and empirical additions by other scholars and their studies;
- Don’t forget to be focused on the main question of your research;
- Give a clear argument for your investigation;
- Do not give too much details, especially when you write about some minor issues and, on the contrary, give enough details about some major issues;
- Do not give too many citations and incorrect notes;
- Control the lengths of your article. It should not be too long or too short;
- Always follow the APA style.
We hope these tips will be helpful for you when you prepare your research article. It is not easy, but quite real if you follow a proper structure and remember the main aim of your study.