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How To Write A Conclusion Paragraph For An Essay: Guidelines, Advices And Examples
Students are rarely properly taught how to conclude an essay. Many even do not have an idea of what it really is. In fact, in case with any academic work, a final paragraph (conclusion) is a sort of a short summary of all thoughts and ideas that were discussed in your paper’s other sections. How should it look like? To write a strong conclusion paragraph, be sure to include your main argument that you want to get across to the reader. In a way, it should be similar to your introduction (though in different wording), but it should also add something to your essay, rather than simply reiterating your previous ideas. Below are a few points to consider.
Your introductory paragraph should be your guide. If you start your essay with “History will remember the 20th century as the century of warfare due to the high number of conflicts that have taken place”, you might want to conclude your essay with “Even though the century of warfare ended almost two decades ago, the world does not seem to have put an end to armed conflicts”. It is important to understand how to write an essay introduction.
In longer academic papers, it is a good idea to look at what each paragraph was about, then you would go on to list or summarize what they have in common. For instance, when writing a conclusion for essays about sports where each paragraph was devoted to a different discipline, you can start with “Sports like football, tennis, and basketball are played all over our planet”.
Leave an impression on your reader. Give a call to action with the sentence like “There’s a lot more to explore about sailing”. Also, you can suggest they do something after reading your paper: “It has never been easier to get in touch with your relatives. They are a few clicks away from you.”
The main purpose of the conclusion is to wrap up your writing by briefly summarizing your main arguments for your reader. A smooth ending creates a well-written piece of work. Without one, there would be no feeling of completeness to your essay. It does not matter if you are looking to write an argumentative essay or any other type of this text, our tips and recommendations on how to write a conclusion presented below will come in handy and help you create a top-notch text!
What Is A Conclusion Paragraph?
- Your reader will mostly remember your essay by your conclusion;
- It “wraps up” your essay;
- You show that you have reached your initial goal;
- It demonstrates how you have proved your thesis;
- It should provide the reader with a sense of closure on the topic.
Structure And Format
- Conclusion essays is almost exactly the opposite of the introduction;
- Introduction begins with a general point and proceeds to more specific ones;
- Conclusion starts with specifics and ends with a general point.
What To Include?
- You should sort of “pack up” your essay in the conclusion;
- Your first topic sentence should get the summary of what you have said in your thesis statement – it makes it clear to the reader that you have accomplished what you set out to do;
- Avoid simply restating your thesis statement as that would be redundant – paraphrase it with a fresh and more profound understanding;
- No new ideas should be brought up in your conclusion;
- Use supporting sentences to summarize what has already been said in the body of your essay – do not be tempted to include a new idea in the final paragraph and if you really feel it is worth including, consider adding a paragraph in the main body or omitting it altogether;
- Your key points from each body paragraph ought to be summarized in the conclusion;
- Your closing conclusion sentence should have a sense of closure;
- Your closing sentence is your last say on the topic, last chance to win over your reader;
- Prove your ideas are relevant and important;
- Give your reader a new view of the subject;
- Try to end on a positive note with something punchy;
- The closing sentence should make your reader feel grateful for reading your work.
How To Write An Effective Conclusion?
- Return to the themes raised in the introduction – this completes the circle;
- If you started by giving a scenario, you can end with it as a proof that your work helped to create a new understanding;
- Relate to the introduction by using the same keywords, images or parallel concepts.
How To Start?
- Try to distance yourself from the writing and start reading your conclusion and after every statement ask yourself “So what?”. For an essay on healthy eating, you could do this: “A balanced diet is key to good health” – “So what?” – “Children should eat salads and vegetables regularly” – “So what?” – “It is important that college students receive balanced meals to ensure their well-being and ability to study and achieve high results”.
- Summarize. Add a brief summary of your main points, but don’t simply list them as before.
- Show how your points, supporting material and your examples all fit together to prove your main ideas and show valid support for them.
- Propose a solution to the problem, a course of action, or issues for further study.
- Point to broader implications. An essay about Shakespeare could mention how his choice of words affected modern English language.
What To Avoid?
There are a few tips on what mistakes to avoid in your text:
- There is no need to begin with an overused clichéd phrase;
- Phrases like “in conclusion”, “in closing”, “to summarize” sound good in speeches but are superfluous in writing;
- Introducing a completely new idea;
- Stating your thesis for the first time;
- Citing evidence that should be in the body;
- Making emotional, sentimental appeals that do not correlate with the rest of the essay.
What not to do? Here is how to avoid writing an ineffective conclusion:
- Briefly restating the thesis without pushing ideas forward as if the author does not have anything else to say does not work. This is something you should avoid.
- Stating the thesis for the first time as if being dramatic and keeping the reader in suspense is a bad idea too. Readers require analytical discussion knowing the topic to be able to judge merits of your work.
- Do not make it too emotional. Emotional conclusions out of character with the rest of the essay appear weak and can significantly lower your overall grade.
- If you add new ideas (no matter how strong) all they do is create confusion because for 90% of the essay you were discussing something completely different and the reader expects you to draw on what has already been said.
Good Essay Conclusion Examples
How to make a perfect conclusion? To learn better, you need to see a good example or several examples of a conclusion:
Topic: The Causes Of The Civil War
“The debates related to the significance of different reasons that have caused the American Civil War can last for a long time. However, there is no reasons to argue that there were several factors that have influenced the secession of the South: state’s right, slavery, and election of a new president – Abraham Lincoln, despite the fact that no Southern states have supported him. All of these reasons played a significant role. And what do we have now? Regardless of the fact that the Civil War took place about 150 years ago, some misunderstanding and contradictions between the North and South are still observed even in modern America.”
Topic: What causes homelessness?
Unfortunately, today it is not an odd situation to pass by a homeless person on the city’s streets. This is an overwhelming fact. However, if you dig deeper, you can discover that homelessness, in fact, is caused by a whole complex of reasons that also include lack of support from family, job loss, and lack of affordable living space. Despite this fact, many people feel comfortable thinking that this issue is caused by laziness or mental illnesses. However, there are many other factors to take into account. Thus, only when we see the whole scope of causes, our society can find a reasoned and effective solution to this matter, and make a change.”
Writing a conclusion can be challenging. However, with the examples, tips, and recommendations provided in this article, you will easily cope with this section of your paper and make an outstanding final clause that will help you get the highest assessment!