The main goal of the scientific paper is to share your original research, experiments, and…
Why are students often so concerned about citation styles? The main problem is a wide variety of these formats and different requirements that each has, which usually makes young people confused and frustrated.
When you prepare an academic paper and your teacher can ask you to use APA format, it is not hard if you have the proper guidelines to do that. Do not panic! In this article, we are going to give you all the needed information and guidelines, which may help you to write a smart paper in APA format. Let’s start.
The General Formatting Guidelines You Need To Know When You Work On Your Paper
- You should use only white 8 ½ x 11 paper;
- The margins you make are usually 1 cm on the top, sides and also on the bottom;
- Don’t forget to indent every first word in the paragraphs one half inch;
- The recommended font is Times New Roman. The recommended size is 12;
- It’s also necessary to double space your research paper;
- The header of a page is so-called ‘running head’. Where to put it? You should put it at the top of every page, so it can be easier to put it, using your word processor. You can program adding these components automatically onto each page;
- And something more about the running header. To create it, you should insert the number of pages on the right-hand side of your page. You don’t need to put the letters like ‘p.’ or ‘pg.’ in the front of the numbers of the pages.
After that, only type the title of your work, moving it to the left. Use the capital letters here. You can also shorten your title if it is too long but on the first page, it has to be an entire version.
The List Of Components Of The APA Paper – Which Sections Your Paper Should Have?
There are four major sections in APA papers and essays. Here they are:
- Title page;
- Main body;
- Text citations and references.
On this page, there are two major pieces: title for research paper, the running head, your name (author’s name), a place where the study has taken place (institutional affiliation), and your personal notes. Remember that only a title page and a page header include the words ‘Running Head’. After these words, you need to write your title in all capitals, while other pages should not have this phrase in the page-header.
Note that your title always shows the main idea of your work, and it should have neither excess words nor abbreviations. The title is always centered on your page and written in Times New Roman, size – 12. What else to keep in mind? It is not allowed to underline, italicize or bold your title and, also, you should not include the names such Ms. or Dr. on your title and don’t forget to double-space all your text here like in the rest of your paper. You can type a title in one or two lines but remember that they shouldn’t be longer than 12 words. An institutional affiliation is a place attended the research.
On this page, you should begin with a running title. When you are on the first line, center the word ‘Abstract’ without the excess marks, below, you need to write the main aim of your research. It has to be a summary of your experience in a particular field of study you write about. This way you represent the theme to your readers and make them familiar with the main questions of your research. You also include here your findings, the process you used, and, in the end, you add a conclusion, the summary needs to be double-spaced and it shouldn’t have more than 250 words. What else? Moreover, you can add the keywords from your paper to help the other researchers in finding this work in databases.
The word ‘keywords’ should be written in italics, and after it, you need to list the keywords.
When you work on the body of your work, start again with a running title and then write your title (without bolding, italicizing, or underlining).
Write an introduction, where you show a problem and give a characterization to it. Here you can add more details and information about your research, then write a method in the new section, it should be bolded and centered. Here you need to describe the method you used in your research, show how your data was collected.
In the new section, you should write about the results of your research and it is also bolded and centered – here you sum up your data and can use the graphs to show it.
And in the end, you write a discussion. Like in other sections, it is also bolded and centered. Here you analyze and interpret your results, make a smart and clear conclusion and show the connections between your data and this conclusion. Write something about your hypothesis – if it was confirmed or supported by your experiment.
Show the limits of your study and say something about your future steps in this field of study (or about the future steps of other scientists).
Text Citations And References
Start a new page and write here your references. As usual, begin with a running title, and then, center and make bold this word, without using any excess marks. Do not use here the underlining, bolding or italicizing. Double-space all your entries and give a list of your references in an alphabetical order.
Remember that every article or source that you have mentioned in your research paper, has to be referenced and it shouldn’t be without an entry.
When you use citations, do not forget to mention the original source, books, and authors that you use in your paper. All words and ideas must be acknowledged in a proper way here.
We hope, this article has helped you to understand how to write research papers in APA format style. These rules are quite easy. Besides, if you need some help with research paper wrting, we are ready to solve your problem!